5 Methods of Project Appraisals

When you need to find a solution to a specific business problem and identify the best way to implement that solution, you must do some research, devise a plan, and come up with a method that might effectively address the problem in question. Apart from that, you will have to conduct a project appraisal to ensure the solution is, in fact, effective and solves the problem you’re facing. In this context, project appraisals play a significant role in analysing and approving proposed solutions. 

In this article, we will look closely at project appraisals and the different methods used to carry them out. 

Methods of Project Appraisals

Project appraisal methodologies are techniques used to assess a proposed solution’s potential viability and success. These methods evaluate the appropriateness of a project by considering factors such as the economic climate and availability of funds. 

Here are some of the most popular methods of project appraisals. 

1.      Economic Analysis 

This method’s highlighted project aspects include demand for raw materials, capacity utilisation, expected sales, predicted expenses, and potential profits. It’s said that businesses should always have a clear view of the profitability volume, which will impact other variables such as expenses, purchases, sales, etc. 

You will have to calculate how much sales would be required to earn the required profit. Undoubtedly, the demand for the product will be estimated to anticipate the sales volume. Thus, you need to spell out the project carefully needs as it is going to be the critical factor in the viability of the project. 

2.      Market Analysis 

If your solution to a particular problem is to launch a product, you will have to conduct a market analysis. For instance, you will have to anticipate the target market for your product and when and where you will sell this product. Keep in mind that producing a product has no value unless it’s sold. 

Therefore, conducting a market analysis and determining the anticipated market for a particular product is an integral part of every business plan. 

3.      Technical Feasibility 

When conducting a project appraisal, you must also pay attention to the technical feasibility. In simple words, technical feasibility refers to the adequacy and availability of the proposed equipment and plant to manufacture the product within the specified norms. This method of project appraisal indicates the availability of information, resources, and knowledge to operate the proposed machinery and plants. 

In case your organisation doesn’t have the required resources, you will have to procure them from elsewhere. Moreover, if the project demands cooperation, you need to spell out the terms and conditions of the collaboration carefully and comprehensively. Moreover, in the event of foreign technical collaboration, you must be well-versed with the legal provisions in force. 

When evaluating a project’s technical feasibility, you need to take into account various inputs such as:

  • Availability of site and land.
  • Availability of inputs such as transport, power, water, and communication facilities. 
  • Availability of service facilities such as electric repair shops, machine shops, etc.
  • Availability of workforce as per required arrangements and skill.
  • Availability of the required raw materials according to quality and quantity. 

4.      Financial Analysis 

Financial analysis is another helpful method of project appraisals. To gauge the economic viability of a project, you need to analyse the following aspects carefully:

Net Present Value: The net present value of a project is calculated by adding the net yearly cash flow, discounting the project’s cost of capital, and subtracting the initial outlay. It would help if you accepted projects with a positive net present value. The benefit of this particular method of project appraisal is that it demonstrates the time value of money. 

Payback Method: In this method, you choose an estimated number of years you need to recover your initial investment. Project selection depends on whether you can recover the initial outlay within a prespecified period. This project appraisal method is relatively simple as it doesn’t consider the cash inflows after the payback period and doesn’t factor in the timing of cash flows. 

Internal Rate of Return: This project appraisal method equates the project’s net present value to zero. The feasibility of a project is assessed by comparing the required rate of return to the calculated rate of return. Projects with an internal rate of return surpassing the pre-established rate can be accepted. 

Profitability Index: The profitability index refers to the ratio of the present value of a project’s cash inflows to the current value of initial cost and has a higher profitability index. 

5.      Management Ability

Management competence or ability plays a vital role in making an organisation successful. For instance, if an organisation has poor management, a project that might be otherwise viable can end up in failure.

On the other hand, even a poor project might become a successful one with excellent management. Therefore, while conducting a project appraisal, should take the talent or competence of the organisation into account. 

In Summary

Project appraisals are critical to carrying out before accepting any project. In addition, conducting a project appraisal will help you determine a project’s success.  If you need help carrying out a project appraisal, feel free to reach out to the experts at ISA Consortium.

Our team is skilled at performing various project appraisals using several methods and techniques. Our services will benefit you with increased revenue and higher profitability. It will also prevent you from spending unnecessarily on projects that are not likely successful. For more information about our project appraisal services, contact us today!

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